ANNOUNCE: Mac::AppleSingleDouble 1.0 released 
Author Message
 ANNOUNCE: Mac::AppleSingleDouble 1.0 released

NAME
    Mac::AppleSingleDouble - Read Mac files in AppleSingle or
    AppleDouble format.

SYNOPSIS
     use Mac::AppleSingleDouble;
     $foo = new Mac::AppleSingleDouble(shift);
     $finder_info = $foo->get_finder_info();
     print "The file Type is: $finder_info->{'Type'}\n";
     print "The file Creator is: $finder_info->{'Creator'}\n";
     print "The Finder label color is: $finder_info->{'LabelColor'}\n";
     $foo->close();

REQUIRES
    Perl5 (tested with 5.005_03; may work with older versions of
    Perl 5), the FileHandle module.

EXPORTS
    Nothing.

DESCRIPTION
    Mac::AppleSingleDouble is a class which knows how to decode the
    AppleSingle and AppleDouble file formats. An instance of
    Mac::AppleSingleDouble represents one file on disk.

    The structure of Macintosh files is unlike the structure of
    files on non-Macintosh operating systems. Most operating systems
    represent a file as a filename (with the file type appended as a
    suffix), a few attribute bits, and a single chunk of data.
    Macintosh files consist of a filename, attribute bits, a four-
    character file type code ('TEXT', 'APPL', 'JPEG', 'PDF ', etc.),
    a four-character file creator code ('MSWD' for Microsoft Word,
    '8BIM' for Photoshop, 'SIT!' for StuffIt, etc.), a chunk of
    unstructured data called the "Data Fork", and a chunk of
    structured data called the "Resource Fork". In order to store
    Macintosh files on other computers, some form of encoding must
    be used or the resource and attribute information will be lost
    (which is OK in some cases). MacBinary, BinHex, and AppleSingle
    all encode the original Mac file in a single chunk of data
    suitable for export to other operating systems. AppleDouble
    encodes all the Mac-only data in one file, but leaves the chunk
    of unstructured data in a separate file all by itself, which
    allows non-Mac-aware programs to read the unstructured data with
    no decoding step. AppleSingle and AppleDouble were originally
    developed for A/UX (an Apple Unix flavor discontinued long ago),
    and are used by netatalk (an AppleShare file server for Unix
    servers and Mac clients).

    If you are working Mac files on a Mac (presumably with MacPerl),
    you probably do NOT need this class. If you are working with Mac
    files on a non-Mac, the files may be encoded in AppleSingle or
    AppleDouble format, and this class can be useful if you need to
    get at the Mac file attributes such as the Finder label, the
    type and creator codes, or the IsInvisible bit.

    See the "AppleSingle/AppleDouble Formats for Foreign Files
    Developer's Note" and the book "Inside Macintosh: Finder
    Interface" from Apple Computer, Inc for more details on the
    formats themselves.

METHODS
  Creation

    $applefile = new Mac::AppleSingleDouble($filename)
        Creates a new Mac::AppleSingleDouble object to represent the
        file named in $filename.

  Cleanup

    $applefile->close()
        Closes the underlying AppleSingle or AppleDouble file.

  Access

    $applefile->get_finder_info()
        Returns a hash containing Finder information decoded from
        the FInfo and FXInfo data structures.

    $applefile->get_entry($id)
        Returns the raw binary data of an entry, given its ID. Types
        defined by Apple are: 1: Data Fork 2: Resource Fork 3: Real
        Name 4: Comment 5: Icon, B&W 6: Icon, Color 8: File Dates
        Info 9: Finder Info 10: Macintosh File Info 11: ProDOS File
        Info 12: MS-DOS File Info 13: Short Name 14: AFP File Info
        15: Directory ID

    $applefile->get_file_format()
        Returns 'AppleSingle', 'AppleDouble', or 'Plain' based on
        the "magic number" found at the beginning of the file.
        (0x00051600 is AppleSingle, 0x00051607 is AppleDouble, and
        anything else is Plain.)

    $applefile->is_applesingle()
        Returns 1 if the file format is AppleSingle. See
        get_file_format().

    $applefile->is_appledouble()
        Returns 1 if the file format is AppleDouble. See
        get_file_format().

    $applefile->get_entry_descriptors()
        Returns a hash with entry IDs as keys, and hash references
        as values. The references hashes contain three keys:
        EntryID, Offset, and Length. Offset is the offset from the
        start of the file to the entry data, and Length is the
        length of the data, both in bytes. (There are higher-level
        methods to access entry data so most users will not need to
        call this method.)

    $applefile->get_all_entries()
        Returns a hash with entry IDs as keys, and raw entry data as
        values. All entry IDs found in the file will be returned.

    $applefile->dump()
        Dump a formatted ASCII representation of the contents of the
        AppleSingle or AppleDouble file to STDOUT.

    $applefile->dump_header()
        Dump the filename and file size and header information to
        STDOUT. The header information includes: magic number,
        format version number, and all entry descriptors (entry ID,
        offset, and length of each).

    $applefile->dump_entries()
        Print a hex dump of the entry data for all entries in the
        file to STDOUT.

    $applefile->dump_entry($id)
        Print a hex dump of the entry data for the specified id to
        STDOUT.

  Configuration

    $applefile->set_labelnames(%new_labelnames)
        Given a hash with keys 0 through 7 and string values, change
        the values corresponding to the LabelName key in the hash
        returned by get_finder_info(). Note that 0 should always be
        'None' since it cannot be changed in the Finder, and the
        menu in the Finder lists labels in descending order
        (starting with 7 and counting down to 1).

    $applefile->set_labelcolors(%new_labelcolors)
        Given a hash with keys 0 through 7 and string values, change
        the values corresponding to the LabelColors key in the hash
        returned by get_finder_info(). Note that 0 should always be
        'Black' or 'None' since it cannot be changed in the Finder,
        and the menu in the Finder lists labels in descending order
        (starting with 7 and counting down to 1).

    $applefile->preload_entire_file()
        Loads all the entry data from the file into memory and
        closes the underlying file.

    $applefile->cache_entries()
        Causes subsequent entry data accesses to be cached in memory
        in the object.

DIAGNOSTICS
    The constructor (new) requires a filename as an argument!
        (F) The constructor (new Mac::AppleSingleDouble($filename))
        was called but the required filename argument was not
        defined. The path to the AppleSingle or AppleDouble file to
        be examined must be passed to the constructor.

    File '/usr/bin/perl' is not in AppleSingle or AppleDouble format!
        (F) The file was readable but did not start with the "magic
        number" denoting AppleSingle or AppleDouble format.

    '..' is not a file!
        (F) The filename specified in the constructor does not point
        to a file.

BUGS
    The AppleSingle and AppleDouble formats come in two versions - 1
    and 2. I was unable to find documentation for version 1 -
    supposedly there is a manual called "A/UX Toolbox: Macintosh ROM
    Interface", but I was unable to find it. However, netatalk uses
    version 1. So, this class was coded using the version 2
    specification but it was tested on version 1 files written by
    netatalk. Entry ID 7 appears in version 1 files but I have no
    idea what it means. However, it seems to work...

RESTRICTIONS
    This module can read AppleSingle and AppleDouble files, but it
    cannot create or modify them. It's not worth my time to change
    it so that it can (testing it thoroughly with other programs
    which use the files would be very time consuming), so I probably
    won't do it. If you want to make that enhancement and send your
    changes to me, I would be happy to integrate them into a new
    version and to give you credit for your work.

AUTHOR

-------------------------------------------------------

The uploaded file

    Mac-AppleSingleDouble-1.0.tar.gz

has entered CPAN as

  file: $CPAN/authors/id/J/JF/JFLOURNOY/Mac-AppleSingleDouble-1.0.tar.gz
  size: 16047 bytes
   md5: 96343f4314905602f96e379baa25996f



Tue, 20 Apr 2004 05:28:14 GMT  
 
 [ 1 post ] 

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